AMST 2460 Language in the US
ANTH 2410 Sociolinguistics
TR 12:30-1:20 + obligatory discussion section
Every "single" living language is actually an unbounded array of linguistic forms, functions, and feelings distributed unequally among speakers. Sociolinguists take such variety and inequality as starting points for investigating language as a crucially social (rather than essentially mental) phenomenon. In this introductory course, we will survey how languages vary through time, across space, and among social groups while also examining how times, spaces, and social groups are themselves shaped by linguistic variation. We will be concerned throughout the semester with links between language and social inequality. No background in linguistics is presupposed. Satisfies College's Social Science requirement.
ANTH 2420 Language and Gender
In many societies, features of pronunciation, vocabulary choice, and/or communicative style are used as social markers of gender identity and differentiation. We will take a cross-cultural perspective, comparing language use within the U.S. and in other parts of the world, especially non-Western societies. Questions to be addressed include: How does language use reflect or construct a person’s sex, gender, or sexual orientation? How do language differences, where they exist, contribute to the social construction of gender identity and difference in our and other cultures? How do these differences, or the belief in differences, affect people’s lives/social identities? What social factors besides gender relate to language differentiation, and how do they interact with gender? Is language itself sexist? If so, what can or should be done about it?
ANTH 2430 Languages of the World
MW 10-10:50 + obligatory discussion section
This course introduces students to the diversity of human language and the principles of linguistic classification. How many languages are spoken in the world, and how are they related? What features do all languages share, and in what ways may they differ? In surveying the world's languages, we will focus on the structure and social situation of a set of representative languages for each geographic region covered. We will also discuss the global trend of shift from the use of minority languages to large languages of wider communication, and what this means for the future of human diversity. Course work includes problem sets, essays, and a final paper on the linguistic features and social situation of a minor language. Prerequisites: one year of a foreign language or permission of instructor.
ANTH 3450 / 7450 Native American Languages
This course is an introduction to the native languages of the Americas. It serves as a way into knowledge of languages very different from English and the frequently studied European languages. The course covers the major grammatical structures found in the different language families of the Americas, and considers the sociolinguistic situation of Native American speakers in the U.S. and elsewhere. Students will become familiar with the structure of Mopan Maya, an indigenous language of Eastern Central America which is related to the Classic Mayan languages of antiquity, and belongs to a large family of modern Mayan languages spoken today by thousands of people in Belize, Mexico, and Guatemala. The methods of analysis should enable students to make intelligent use of linguistic materials on languages found in other parts of the world as well. Pre-requisites: LNGS 3250 or prior intensive language study for undergraduates; LNGS 7010 or ANTH 7400 for graduates. This course fulfills the Language Structure requirement for the Linguistics program.
ANTH 5401 Linguistic Field Methods
The goal of this course is to get hands-on practice doing linguistic analysis based entirely on data collected from a native speaker of a language. [NOTE: “entirely” means that you should not look up already-published grammars and dictionaries or search the web for descriptions of the language we are working on. For the purposes of this course, we will act as if no grammar or dictionary yet exists.] We will work collaboratively on the same language for the whole semester. Data collection will begin with phonetic transcription of individual words, with the goal of learning to hear the phonetic detail of an unfamiliar language, and the first assignment will be an analysis of the phonemes of the language, including rules for allophonic variation where relevant. After working out the phonemic system, we will move to analysis of grammar (word structure and phrase/sentence structure), starting with phrases and sentences and going on to a short text. This course satisfies the Structure of a Language requirement for the Linguistics BA and MA programs.
ANTH 5440 Morphology
In this course we approach the study of morphology theoretically. The issues covered fall mainly into two broad groupings: those that relate word structure to phonology (e.g., allomorphy and word formation), and those that relate it to syntax (e.g., inflection, distinguishing compounds from phrases). Throughout the course we will be mindful of whether there exists a core set of phenomena having to do with word structure which motivates a distinct morphological component of grammar. Coursework involves biweekly problem sets and active participation in class problem solving and discussion. Some familiarity with linguistic analysis (such as LNGS 3250) is strongly recommended. Course fulfills the Theory requirement for Linguistics.
ANTH 5490 Speech Play & Verbal Art
This seminar examines the linguistics and politics of poetics. We will explore cross-cultural and cross-linguistic diversity in ideas about what can be considered poetic in language, and we will link such formal analyses to ideas about what can be considered rhetorically effective and politically (or ideologically) powerful in language. Requirements will include seminar presentations and a research paper. Prerequisite: some coursework in both anthropology and linguistics; or permission of the instructor.
EDHS 4030 Speech and Hearing Science NOTE: this is a *NEW* course number (replacing EDHS 5020; same course)
The course examines principal concepts and procedures for the study of physiologic, perceptual and acoustic aspects of voice, speech and hearing. The course leads the student into the fascinating world of new applications in daily life, in business, and especially in education and clinical work.
ENMD 5010 Introduction to Old English
This course will introduce you to English language and literature from before circa AD 1100-- the language of Beowulf, The Dream of the Rood, The Wanderer, and a number of other classics of medieval literature. We will begin with intensive study of the language (no prior knowledge of Old or Middle English is assumed) and the reading of simple texts. By the middle of the term we will have proceeded to more difficult prose texts and to poetry. Assignments will include (in addition to the readings) frequent exercises, bi-weekly quizzes, a final exam, and a short final paper. This course is a prerequisite for ENMD 5200, Beowulf.
FREN 3030 Phonetics
FREN 3030 is an introductory course in French phonetics. It provides basic concepts in articulatory phonetics and phonology, and offers students techniques for improving their own pronunciation. The course will cover the physical characteristics of individual French sounds; the relationship between these sounds and their written representation (orthography); the rules governing the pronunciation of "standard French"; the most salient phonological features of selected French varieties; phonetic differences between French and English sounds; and to some extent “la musique du français”, i.e., prosodic phenomena (le rythme, l'accent, l'intonation, la syllabation). Practical exercises in 'ear-training' (the perception of sounds) and 'phonetic transcription' (using IPA) are also essential elements in this dynamic course.
Taught in French. Prequisite: FREN 2020 (or equivalent).
FREN 4509 Seminar in French Linguistics: The Bilingual Speaker
Nearly half the people in the world speak more than one language every day; and in France, some 13 million speakers use regularly several languages. Yet, says expert, François Grosjean, “le bilinguisme reste méconnu et victime d’ idées reçues” (especially in France where, historically, a linguistic policy of monolingualism has been promoted).
In this seminar we shall explore the many facets of the bilingual and bicultural individual. Our guide will be François Grosjean, renowned Francophone psycholinguist, whose newly published book, Parler plusierus langues: le monde des bilingues, 2015, presents an excellent analysis of the complex field for the French audience.
Through our study of Grosjean and other related sources, we shall gain insight into some of the persistent myths about bilingualism and bilinguals; acquire deeper knowledge of the linguistic characteristics of the bilingual speaker (e.g., code switching, the principle of complementarity, language dominance, mixed linguistic systems); advance our understanding of how one becomes bilingual (linguistic and psycholinguistic aspects); observe how bilingual/bicultural individuals are represented by others (writers, translators, etc.), and much more. Students will also conduct fieldwork, interviews, and study autobiographies. The seminar will be taught in French. Participants must feel comfortable speaking French and in engaging in discourse with others.
LING 5090 Teaching English as a Second Language
This course provides an introduction to theories of second language acquisition (SLA), as well as methods and materials for Teaching English to Speakers of Other Languages (TESOL), particularly adult language learners. Students will be required to investigate current issues in the field of TESOL and SLA, and extend the knowledge to language learning observations and volunteering tutoring experiences. Recommended pre-/co-requisite: LNGS 3250 & LING 3400. These courses are not required, but they are recommended for students to have requisite background knowledge. Counts three credits toward the TESOL Certificate.
LING 5101 ESL Teaching Practicum: Language
Elizabeth Wittner and Janay Crabtree
LING 5102 ESL Teaching Practicum: Culture
Elizabeth Wittner and Janay Crabtree
LING 5103 ESL Teaching Practicum: Writing
Janay Crabtree and Jane Boatner
LNGS 5000 Linguistic Principles in Language Pedagogy
The goals of this course are:
1. To discuss the concept of communicative competence, and to evaluate its involvement in current language instruction.
2. Proceeding from there, to think critically about the goals and obligations of second language instruction at the college/university (as opposed to high school) level.
3. To provide a basic understanding of linguistic systems, their structure, diversity (through an encounter with Hungarian), and complexity, proceeding from the assumption that such knowledge is the underpinning of good language pedagogy (i.e., that good language pedagogy proceeds from knowledge of the nature of linguistic systems, making it possible for instructors to anticipate difficulties and thus plan the impartation of L2 structure in an informed manner). Instructor permission required.
PSYC 4110 Psycholinguistics
This course focuses on the psychological processes that underlie the acquisition and the use of language. There is an emphasis on the interaction between linguistic skills and other cognitive skills. The course also looks at flexibility of language and language use, and the influence of psycholinguistic processes on reading and writing, the social use of language, and language in other modalities. There will be a focus on learnability and teachability issues. Content: the course will provide insight in 1) acquisition and learnability, 2) the biopsychology of language (neuro-linguistics, linguistic genetics), 3) the micro-genesis of speech (the Levelt model), 4) perceptual processes, 5) expressive mechanisms, 6) multimodality, 7) bilingualism and variation, 8) interaction between language and cognition, 9) a psycholinguistic approach to breakdown (i.e., pathology). Note: This course is a 4000-level PSYC-seminar with an enrollment of 20 students. Priority will be given to students who major or have a double major in Psychology.
PSYC 4120 Psychology of Reading
Analyzes the critical psychological experiments which have influenced the way that psychologists consider topics in reading, such as text comprehension, parsing, and sentence processing. Prerequisite: PSYC 1010 or 2150 or instructor permission. Enrollment is limited to advanced undergraduates in Psychology, Linguistics, Cognitive Science, or Speech and Hearing Science. Students may not simultaneously enroll in more than one 4000-level or 5000-level PSYC course.
RUSS 5032 Advanced Russian Grammar: Syntax
The goal of this course is to introduce students to basic syntactic concepts, and, within that framework, to discuss the basic syntactic structures of Contemporary Standard Russian. Instructor permission and at least one year of Russian required.
SPAN 3000 Phonetics
Spanish Phonetics provides an introduction to the sound system of both Peninsular and Latin American Spanish. Class discussions focus on how the sounds of Spanish are produced from an articulatory point of view, and how these sounds are organized and represented in the linguistic competence of their speakers. When appropriate, comparisons will be made between Spanish and English or Spanish and other (Romance and non-Romance) languages. This course seeks to improve the student's pronunciation. Prerequisite: SPAN 3010 or equivalent. Conducted in Spanish.
SPAN 4200 History of the Language
Prerequisite: SPAN 3200 and 3010, or 3000 and 3010, or departmental placement. This course is intended to provide an introduction to the evolution of the Spanish language from its origins to the present day, and to familiarize the student with the structure of Old Spanish (i.e., phonological, morphological, and syntactic systems of 13th- and 14th-century Castilian) in order to facilitate the reading of Old Spanish texts.
SPAN 4202 Sociolinguistics
This course examines the Spanish language within its social context by exploring the following topics: language versus dialect; the standard language; linguistic variation and its main variables: geography, gender, age, etc.; language variation and language change; language contact and bilingualism; Spanish in the US; code switching. Course conducted in Spanish. Prerequisite: SPAN 3200 or 3000.
AMST 2462 Language & New Media
In this course we investigate the interactional relationship between language and American society with a focus on New Media contexts. More specifically, we consider how language both shapes and is shaped by society in email, texting, Facebook, blogging, online gaming, YouTube, and more. Taking an interdisciplinary approach that draws from fields such an anthropology, linguistics, media & communication studies, psychology, and sociology, we turn our analytical and critical gaze to how social constructions (including race, gender, class, ideology, power, and youth) variably influence, are created by, and are realized in New Media genres. Fulfills the Second Writing Requirement.
ANTH 2400 Language and Culture
A survey of topics having to do with the relationship between language, culture, and society. We will consider both how language is described and analyzed by linguists and how evidence from language can shed light on a variety of social, cultural, and cognitive phenomena. Topics include: nature of language, origins of language, how languages change, writing systems, use of linguistic evidence to make inferences about prehistory, the effects of linguistic categories on thought and behavior, regional and social variation in language, and cultural rules for communication. Satisfies the College Non-Western perspectives requirement.
ANTH 3470/ 7470 Language and Culture in the Middle East (cross-listed with MEST 3470)
Introduction to peoples, languages, cultures and histories of the Middle East. Focuses on Israel/Palestine as a microcosm of important social processes-such as colonialism, nationalism, religious fundamentalism, and modernization-that affect the region as a whole. Prerequisite: Previous course in anthropology, linguistics, or Middle East Studies; or permission of instructor.
ANTH 3541/ 7541 Topics in Linguistics: Native Language Reclamation
ANTH 4420/7420 Theories of Language
We will survey a number of modern schools of linguistics, both American and European, trying to understand each approach in terms of its historical context, the goals it sets itself, the assumptions it makes about the nature of language, and the relation between theory and methodology. Grades will depend on: four or five written homework assignments that ask you to look at some data from a particular theoretical perspective; a take-home, open-book final exam; and evidence (from class discussion) that you have been doing the readings, which are an essential part of the course. Fulfills the Theory requirement for Linguistics.
ANTH 5470 Language and Identity
This seminar explores the relationship between language and identity. In anthropology, where identity has become a central concern, language is seen as an important site for the construction of, and negotiation over social identities. In linguistics, reference to categories of social identity helps to explain language structure and change. The course explores the overlap between these converging trends by focusing on the notion of discourse as a nexus of cultural and linguistic processes related to identity. Readings will juxtapose social theoretic with linguistic treatments of identity, toward identifying theoretical frameworks that generate promising means for investigating and describing the phenomenon of identity. Prerequisite: some coursework in both anthropology and linguistics, or permission of the instructor.
ANTH 5541 Topics in Linguistics: Pidgins & Creoles
In this course we will survey the literature on pidgin and creole languages in order to gain a sense of their history, structure, and sociolinguistic correlates. Pidgins and creoles are born of contact, making their status as languages a subject of debate; they have also raised a number of important issues for linguistic theory (e.g., regarding language origins, language mixing, the nature of linguistic change, and structural complexity). Students will each focus on a particular language or topic in creole linguistics in order to ground their research and contributions to class discussion.
ANTH 7400 Linguistic Anthropology
This course is an advanced introduction to the study of language from an anthropological perspective. It presupposes no prior coursework in linguistics. The aim is to prepare graduate students to use what they learn in their own research. Topics include language structure, the nature of indexicality and the use of linguistic symbols, the linguistic shaping of worldview, language as a form of social action, ethnographic approaches to study of language, the meaningfulness of linguistic differences, storytelling in social life, and more. Students will explore the implications of these topics through readings, discussion, and an application of linguistic anthropological concepts to a particular ethnographic setting chosen in consultation with the instructor. The course fulfills the linguistics requirement for anthropology graduate students and the theory requirement for linguistics graduate students.
CLAS 3300/ 5300 Introduction to Indo-European Linguistics
Languages as superficially different as English, Greek, Latin, and Sanskrit in fact all developed from a single “proto-language,” called Proto-Indo-European. This course will explore the following questions: What was this proto-language like? How do we know what it was like? By what processes did it develop into the various daughter languages? How can we trace words as diverse as wit, idea, video, and Veda back to a common source? No fixed prerequisites, but it's a good idea to have had either a semester of Latin or Greek or some background in linguistics (e.g. LNGS 3250). Fulfills the historical requirement of the Linguistics major.
EDHS 4300 Psycholinguistics & Communication
This course focuses on the psychological processes that underlie the acquisition and the use of language. There is an emphasis on the interaction between linguistic skills and other cognitive skills. The course also looks at flexibility of language and language use, and the influence of psycholinguistic processes on reading and writing, the social use of language, and language in other modalities. There will be a focus on learnability and teachability issues. The course will provide insight in 1) acquisition and learnability, 2) the biopsychology of language (neurolinguistics, linguistic genetics), 3) the microgenesis of speech (the Levelt model), 4) perceptual processes, 5) expressive mechanisms, 6) multimodality, 7) bilingualism and variation, 8) interaction between language and cognition, 9) a psycholinguistic approach to breakdown (i.e., pathology).
ENLS 3030 History of the English Language
This course will introduce you to the history of the English language from several perspectives: we will be concerned with the language's "internal history" (what actually happened to its sounds, grammar and vocabulary). But we will also study how and why languages change and, more specifically, the "external history" of English (the cultural and historical contexts that have produced change). The course begins with the Indo-European and Germanic background of English, and we will spend some time with the language as it developed in the British Isles. In the second half of the term we will study the development of American English: its divergence from British English, the development of regional, racial and ethnic varieties, and the emergence in the twentieth century of a national "standard." At all times we will bear in mind that language is an aspect of social interaction, and when we study language change we are also studying social change. Fulfills the historical requirements for the Linguistics major.
FREN 3030 Phonetics: The Sounds of French
FREN 3030 is an introductory course in French phonetics, intended to present basic concepts in phonetic theory and teach students techniques for improving their own pronunciation. It includes an examination of the physical characteristics of individual French sounds; the relationship between these sounds and their written representation (spelling); the rules governing the pronunciation of "standard French"; the most salient phonological features of selected French varieties; phonetic differences between French and English sounds; and much more. Practical exercises in 'ear-training' and 'phonetic transcription' (using IPA) are also essential elements in this dynamic course. Taught in French.
GETR 3590 Communicating Gender
The seminar will provide an introduction to both language & gender research of the past decades as well as more recent approaches. A variety of topics will be discussed, among these the issues of how gender is communicated and how it is marked in language, how gendered language practices are learned and how they reveal underlying assumptions and beliefs. Language does bear the traces of the social structure that it both expresses and helps to reproduce. It can thus be viewed not only as a means of communication but also as an instrument of power which serves to support the interests of those in power.
LING 3400/ 7400 Structure of English
MW 9-9:50 + obligatory discussion section
This course provides students with a foundation in the grammar of the English language. Topics include the phonology, morphology, syntax, with a focus on structural analysis. Students will gain confidence in discussing the form, function, and usage of linguistic structures. These topics will also be related to the teaching and tutoring of English as a second language including error correction and feedback. Fulfills the Structure requirement for the Linguistics major.
LING 5101 ESL Teaching Practicum: Language
Elizabeth Wittner & Janay Crabtree
LING 5102 ESL Teaching Practicum: Culture
Elizabeth Wittner & Janay Crabtree
LING 5103 ESL Teaching Practicum: Writing
Janay Crabtree & Jane Boatner
LNGS 3250/ 7010 Introduction to Linguistic Theory & Methodology
MWF 11-11:50 + optional 1 credit discussion
This course introduces students to language as a system and the theoretical underpinnings of the analytic procedures used by linguists. It proceeds from the assumption that the goal of language is to communicate (i.e., to convey meaning via messages), and investigates assumptions relating to the manner in which it accomplishes this goal.
RUSS 5030 Advanced Russian Grammar: Phonology & Morphology
This course aims to provide a thorough review and elaboration of the spelling and inflectional morphology of Contemporary Standard Russian. Its aim is to help students, including those who are native speakers, acquire and consolidate a level of proficiency in the structure of Russian suitable for ordinary scholarly and instructional purposes at American universities. Although its content will help students in their preparation for the MA and PhD Russian Language Proficiency Tests at the University of Virginia, such preparation is not the goal of the course.
TR 11-12:15 (Omar Velázquez-Mendoza)
TR 2-3:15 (Joel Rini)